Circumcision complications

Drs say complications are rare. NewsMedia says complications are rare. Families say complications are rare. Consent forms say complications are rare. Medical books and websites say complications are rare.
However, rare complications are pretty scary to the parents and children they affect.
Rare is not rare enough when it is your child.
Infant/child Circumcision is unnecessary surgery on a healthy child. The foreskin is not an issue, disease or defect.

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Soggy mamas 2.0

https://m.facebook.com/SoggyMamas2?id=559007567474275&refsrc=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F&_rdr

My heart is aching for those children. Click on the link and read the screen shots. Many babies are bleeding heavily and getting infections from circumcisions. Mothers are saying how their babies are screaming in pain.
Look at the screen shots. Your heart will break too.

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Medical Journal on infant circumcision complications

Danish medical journal

Abstract Introduction: As a consequence of the discussion on whether the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks and the discrepancies in reported figures of complications, we evaluated our results from a paediatric surgical department. Material and methods: Patient file data from children who had undergone ritual circumcision in the 1996-2003- period were retrieved. Complications recorded until December 2011 were noted. Results: Circumcision in 315 boys aged from 3 weeks to 16 years (median five years) were evaluated. A total of 16 boys (5.1%) had significant complications, including three incomplete circumcisions requiring re-surgery, two requiring re-surgery six months and five years postoperatively due to fibrotic phimosis and two requiring meatotomy due to meatal stenosis two and three year postoperatively. Acute complications included two superficial skin infections one week postoperatively and five cases with prolonged stay or re-admissions for bleeding the first or second postoperative day, whereof two underwent operative treatment. Finally, two had anaesthesiological complications leading to a need for overnight surveillance, but no further treatment. Discussion: Parents should be counselled and be required to provide informed consent that any health benefits of childhood circumcision do not outweigh the reported complication rate and that therefore they should weigh the health benefits against the risks in light of their religious, cultural and personal preferences. As ritual circumcision is legal, a strong focus on high surgical/anaesthesiological standards is needed to avoid complications. Funding: not relevant. Trial registration: not relevant.

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Another baby injured by circumcision

All circumcisions are injuries inflicted on the genitals…. Some are worse than other…
Unfortunately, another baby is hurt and another mom learns the hard way.

In order to provide some minor privacy, I am not including the direct link to the forum.
These are screen shot from a public group.

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Penile amputation
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3045722/

Your son is fine….. But these boys weren’t

http://ripe-tomato.org/2013/02/16/cock-ups-happen/

Complications during male circumcision are rare, being estimated to occur in 1 of every 500 procedures. These complications, which can be severe, include poor cosmetic outcome, bleeding, infection, injury to the penis and the removal of too much or too little skin.

Using “rare” for a 1 in 500 risk, when earlier the benefit of “avoiding the need for circumcision later in life” (about 1 in 2,000) is mentioned without qualification, is biased. The figure also applies to the best series. Less well organised services report rates up to 20%, e.g. Nigeria, click here. Since the manual is for use in developing countries the possibility of higher complication rates should be mentioned. Finally, Complications, which can be severe, include poor cosmetic outcome… is clearly designed to play down severity.

But more importantly, catastrophic complications are omitted altogether. Fully informed consent means telling people everything, however rare, which might alter the decision of a reasonable patient/parent. In gynaecology we mention the 1 in 10,000 risk of temporary colostomy after laparoscopic surgery for example. Unless we have a double standard for Africa, the complications below, which all appear elsewhere in the guide, should be mentioned. Italic text and pictures are all taken from the guide.

None of these complications are common, but they all occur. If infant circumcision programmes get rolled out widely in developing countries, it is inconceivable that everyone will read all 140 pages of the WHO manual In the real world sterilisation goes wrong, mismatched Yellen clamps get packed together, and diathermy and wrong sized Plastibells get used. Even if they don’t, infants wriggle. Parents should be told.

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pics in link at top

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Different article

http://helpingmenblog.blogspot.co.uk/2013/03/majority-of-britons-support-ban-on-male.html?m=1

in Britain (UK)

Complications are common, two boys a week are admitted to the Emergency Department in Birmingham Children’s Hospital and one boy a month comes close to death as a result of male circumcision.

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Another baby hemorrhaging… Lucky to be alive and yet supposedly the risks are worth it? How is almost dying worth it? How is almost dying because of a medically unnecessary surgery being performed on a healthy infant worth it?

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A few of the many reasons I do not believe in circumcising children: Circumcision complications

Circumcision complications.
Just a few excerpts if MANY from a board that I am on.

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These are only a few…. I retrieved more but haven’t edited out the screen names yet….
These mothers love their sons. Of this there is NO doubt…. There is also no doubt that their sons have gone through needless pain or trauma or problems because of a needless, potentially harmful socially supported surgery.

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The the board where these were originally listed there are 18 pages worth of complications. Figure about 9 questions/complications per page =162 complaints minus around 30 for repeat postings that’s still over 100 complaints just on this board/forum.
These complaints range from simple adhesions, to bleeding and hemorrhage, to probable loss of penile function or at least severe penile problems upon maturation.

This is what we Americans are doing to our boys! We love our children. These mother’s love their children. They didn’t know about the possibility of these complications because they were not informed.
Prior to the circumcision surgery a parent must sign a consent form saying they were INFORMED! The consent form says what the possible complications are…. I guess they just didn’t read it or the dr didn’t explain it or the consent form minimized the risks…. (Probably all 3)

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http://www.palmbeachobgyn.com/Circumcision%20consent%20form.doc

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A medical circumcision textbook
Scroll through: you will see the normal processes of the circumcision surgery
And continue scrolling and it will list and show pictures of the possible complications for each circumcision surgical tools.
http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241500753_eng.pdf

Here is a graph from the text

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A scholarly article of infant circumcision and informed consent
http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1166&context=facpubs

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http://www.virginia.edu/uvaprint/HSC/pdf/040162.pdf

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The disillusionment…….

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Guggie Daily- on circumcision and its harms

AMEN AMEN AMEN! This was a Facebook status update she posted today.

Facebook post from Guggie Daily:

Do you know of a page, blog, website or other resource against circumcision started by a MAN? Feel free to link it here.

Men DO complain.
They DO acknowledge their loss.
They DO want forced circumcisions to stop.

They DO want their sons to be healthy and whole.It’s not about feeling insecure, inferior or broken.It’s about acknowledging what others have done, and taking a stand to stop the cycle.

It’s not about focusing on the hurt others had in their hearts or what they passed onto the next generation.

It’s about learning to unconditionally love your partner/yourself, to the point that you can look at the facts and still feel completely loved and accepted.

Someone forcefully circumcised you and you’re fine with it? *shrugs* That’s…FINE. It really is. Lucky you, that you don’t have a scar, or discoloration, or nerve damage, or keratinization, or a bridge on the glans, or hair pulled up onto the shaft, or ejaculation issues, or painful/dry/banging sex, or a crooked penis, or meatal stenosis. Lucky you that you weren’t one of the babies who bled to death, or choked on vomit, or had a heart attack, or got an infection after surgery and died.

You’re FINE. That’s good. You don’t have to feel bad about your body or what others did to you.

If you’re FINE, then it shouldn’t bother you to 100% oppose forcing it onto anyone else. If you don’t have bad feelings or unresolved hang ups, then freely jump up to STOP forcing it onto others.

His body, his penis, his health, his life, his sexual partner, HIS CHOICE.

Her website:
http://guggiedaly.blogspot.com/?m=1

Her Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/guggiedaily?ref=stream
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To avoid criticism, do nothing, say nothing, be nothing.ELBERT HUBBARD

Circumcision complications

The site below is not an anti-circ site. Circumcision is not a surgery without complications…. Serious complications may be rare but if it is your child suffering it is a decision you can never take back.
Infants do not need circumcision! In almost all cases there is no medical need. In the case of medical need, doctors usually wait until the baby/child is older so that the “work area” is bigger and more developed.
Circumcision complications can kill or cause life long pain and problems.

Click the link to see the pictures of the complications.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3253617/

The rate of adverse events varies widely across reports, depending on the definition chosen for a postoperative complication. In a large meta-analysis of prospective and retrospective series, Weiss et al. reported a frequency of adverse events of and for serious adverse events [14]. This can represent a significant cost in terms of utilization resources and healthcare dollars. During a five-year period at the Massachusetts General Hospital, 7.4% of all visits to a pediatric urologist were for circumcision complications. This translated to an average total cost per patient for redo procedures of $1,617 and an estimated annual cost of $137,122 to the institution [15].
For ease of discussion, adverse events following circumcision can be categorized as either early or late complications. Early complications such as: bleeding, pain, inadequate skin removal, and surgical site infection tend to be minor and quite treatable. However, postcircumcision bleeding in patients with coagulation disorders can be significant and sometimes even fatal. Other serious early complications include chordee, iatrogenic hypospadias, glanular necrosis, and glanular amputation. The latter, of course, requires prompt surgical intervention. Late complications include epidermal inclusion cysts, suture sinus tracts, chordee, inadequate skin removal resulting in redundant foreskin, penile adhesions, phimosis, buried penis, urethrocutaneous fistulae, meatitis, and meatal stenosis. These are commonly treated in an outpatient setting. Most of the aforementioned conditions are avoidable giving attention to detail and proper technique. Mayer et al. found that some subtle anatomic variations are significantly associated with late circumcision complications, including penoscrotal webbing, suprapubic fat pads, and prematurity [16].
4.1. Death
Fortunately, death from neonatal circumcision is fortunately an extremely rare occurrence. King reported a period when 500,000 consecutive circumcisions were performed in New York city without a single fatality [17]. However, a case of a misplaced Plastibell ring which caused complete meatal obstruction resulted in acute venous stasis and subsequent death from sepsis reported by the Ontario Pediatric Death Review Committee in 2007. In this situation, prompt recognition of the obstruction is critical and primary management should be immediate removal of the Plastibell ring and catheter placement [18]. There are other reports in the international literature that describe mortalities from tetanus as a result of circumcisions performed under nonsterile conditions. Bennett et al. reported that topical antibiotics could decrease this risk of neonatal tetanus 4-fold [19].
4.2. Bleeding
Bleeding is the most common complication of circumcision, with an incidence of 1% in a large retrospective review [20]. Bleeding may occur along the skin edges between sutures or from a discrete blood vessel, most commonly at the frenulum. Meticulous attention to hemostasis during an open procedure and adequate time for skin edge compression during newborn circumcisions should prevent the majority of cases although dislodging of a clot or cautery eschar can occur. The majority of postcircumcision bleeding can be controlled with application of direct pressure or careful application of silver nitrate. Rarely is wound exploration and suturing necessary. A hematologic workup is warranted only in patients who persistently bleed, or bleed significantly. In a retrospective review of the Mayo Clinic Pediatric Hemophilia database, 48 patients with a range of coagulopathies were circumcised. 21 patients had known coagulation disorders, while the remaining 27 patients were diagnosed after prolonged bleeding from their circumcision. There were 11 bleeding complications, three of which were severe and required transfusion of RBC’s for severe anemia despite preoperative factor replacement [21]. In those patients with hemophilia who must undergo circumcision, preoperative and perioperative factor replacement is a definite requirement. Fibrin glue has also been shown to decrease the amount of recombinant factor replacement needed (and the cost of treatment, as well) without significantly altering bleeding complications [22].
4.3. Infection
Due to the superb dual blood supply of the penis, wound infection occurs infrequently. In a series of 5,521 circumcisions comparing the Plastibell technique to the Gomco clamp, Gee and Ansell reported only 23 (0.4%) infections. Of those, the Plastibell group had significantly more infections, 19 versus four (P <; 0.005) [20]. All responded to a combination of topical treatment and oral antibiotic therapy. Causative organisms are usually skin flora, but due to the uniquely dirty environment of the diaper, colonic flora has also been reported. Most infections can be prevented with proper patient preparation, glove wearing and good local wound care including cleaning the penis, and application of antibiotic ointment with diaper changes [2].
Severe infections following Plastibell circumcision, including necrotizing fasciitis, have been reported as well. Several authors describe presenting signs and symptoms as erythema, induration, pain out of proportion to physical findings, coupled with tachycardia, leucocytosis, or bandemia. As in adults, this is usually a polymicrobial infection. Empiric broad spectrum antibiotics to cover Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and anaerobic organisms are essential. A suggested regimen is an aminoglycoside, nafcillin, or vancomycin and clindamycin. Prompt surgical evaluation and aggressive debridement of necrotic tissue is required [23].
4.4. Loss of Skin/Wound Dehiscence
Wound dehiscence and degloving injuries of the shaft are possible following using any of the techniques described above for neonatal circumcision. De-gloving injuries result from excess skin being drawn up into the clamp and then amputated. While, less likely, improper determination of the amount of skin to remove during free-hand circumcision may occur. Often these injuries are treated with local wound care and allowed to heal by secondary intention. There are reports of autografting the excised skin with good cosmetic result [24].
4.5. Trapped/Concealed Penis
Similarly, a concealed penis can result from overzealous removal of shaft skin coupled with a prominent suprapubic fat pad resulting in healing within the fat pad. Another consequence of this configuration is a secondary phimosis from the progressive closure of the skin over the glans penis. This can be avoided by firmly compressing the fat pad to the abdominal wall to best determine how much skin should be removed [16]. In addition, the suprapubic fat should be compressed regularly after the procedure to allow the penis to be protrude. Corrective surgery may be necessary if there is absence or significant laxity of the penoscrotal angle or penoscrotal webbing that precludes adequate protrusion of the penis.
4.6. Redundant Foreskin/Circumcision Revision (Figure 6)
Inadequate circumcision, or excess foreskin, is a fairly common indication for referral to a pediatric urologist. In a retrospective review of 476 late circumcision complications treated at Massachusetts General Hospital, 40% were for inadequate circumcision and another 5% were for phimosis requiring revision. The criteria for treatment are purely subjective and mainly cosmetic excepting those with phimosis, of course [15]. Repair is scheduled electively under general anesthesia and is best accomplished using the “free-hand” skin sleeve technique removing the redundant skin.

Figure 6

Examples of redundant skin following circumcision (a,b,c).
4.7. Preputial Adhesions/Skin Bridges (Figure 7)
Preputial adhesions often result from either inadequate lysis of natural adhesions prior to circumcision or from distal migration of the skin from a prominent suprapubic fat pad. Williams et al. report that 63% of patients presenting for circumcision revision were found to have prominent suprapubic fat pads [25]. The majority of adhesions should lyse spontaneously as the penis grows, suprapubic fat recedes, and erections become more frequent and firmer. Otherwise, lysis of preputial adhesions can be performed in the office by gently pushing away the adhesions from the glans after administering a topical anesthetic cream such as EMLA. Recurrence of these adhesions can be limited by regular compression of the suprapubic area to make the penis protrude and placement of petroleum jelly or any other such ointment. During healing, the circumferential incision can adhere to the glans and in some cases heal into an epithelialized skin bridge [2]. If thin and transparent, they can be divided in the office. However, extensive adhesions and thick skin bridges require surgical intervention. These can be divided sharply after a period of compression with a hemostat. Skin bridges accounted for nearly 30% of the late complications reported by the Massachusetts General Hospital group [15].

Figure 7

Penile adhesions (a) between the shaft skin and the glans can be manually separated while penile skin bridges (b) cannot be manually separated and need to be excised—skin bridge.
4.8. Meatitis/Meatal Stenosis (Figure 8)
In the absence of the prepuce, the erythema of the meatus commonly occurs after circumcision as a result of irritation. Meatitis is commonly a self-limited problem but can be treated by application of an antibiotic ointment and keeping the area dry. Meatal stenosis has been postulated to be a result of ligation of the frenular artery or from ammoniacal meatitis [2] and account for 26% of the late complications [15]. While the meatus may appear small, it can open adequately during voiding; this explains why most children with meatal stenosis do not present until after toilet training. Surgical treatment is indicated in the presence of symptoms such as deflection of the urine stream, dripping, dysuria, or urgency frequency from inadequate emptying. The treatment is meatotomy or meatoplasty, which can be accomplished under local anesthesia in the office or in the operating room.

Figure 8

Meatal stenosis in a 3 year old circumcised male who presented with a narrow stream.
4.9. Urethrocutaneous Fistula
Urethrocutaneous fistula is a rare complication, but nonetheless has been reported after both Plastibell and Gomco circumcisions [9]. Fistulae may present as an obvious fistulous tract or as a split urine stream. Often this is a result of compression necrosis from a retained Plastibell ring or a direct injury from incorrect placement of the Gomco clamp. Injury to the urethra during any ventral dissection can occur during a “free-hand” circumcision. Delayed flap repair can be done electively after the child's penis has grown enough for good tissue handling.
4.10. Glanular Necrosis/Glanular Amputation
Necrosis of the glans can occur as a result of cautery injury during a Gomco circumcision or from distal migration of an incorrectly sized Plastibell ring [9, 20]. Management of glans necrosis depends on its severity. Mild cases can be managed with local wound care and topical antibiotic ointment and allowing the necrotic skin to slough. Some authors report management of severe cases with suprapubic diversion and delayed urethroplasty [9]. There are rare case reports of complete necrosis of the glans and phallus in which gender reassignment was performed after multiple attempts at staged repair [20]. For this reason, the use of electrocautery is contraindicated in clamp circumcision.
Amputation of the glans occurs extremely rarely, but is a devastating complication of Mogen clamp circumcision. The Mogen clamp or shield seems uniquely susceptible to this particular injury given the surgeon's inability to directly visualize the glans prior to incising the foreskin. Sherman et al. report seven glanular reconstructions after traumatic amputations. The authors reported that minimal debridement and recovery of the amputated tissue were critical to the repair. Simple primary reanastomosis of glanular tissue was possible in 6 of 7 patients, the last patient required urethral reconstruction [26]. The patient's own tissue can remain viable up to 8 hours and used successfully for repair if adequately preserved by wrapping the tissue in moist saline gauze placed in a plastic bag and transported on ice [26].
4.11. Hypospadias
Isolated cases of iatrogenic hypospadias have been reported after the surgeon performed a ventral rather than a dorsal slit prior to initiation of circumcision [27]. It is important that the proper plane be entered for the initial lysis of adhesions so that the meatus is not inadvertently entered and then damaged.
While not technically a complication, failure to recognize a hypospadias prior to circumcision may be problematic if there is insufficient skin for subsequent repair. While most cases of hypospadias are associated with a dorsally hooded prepuce, the megameatus with intact prepuce variant will have a configuration as described in its name. Thorough physical examination is imperative prior to circumcision regardless of the method employed.

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Taken from an online forum…. Cropped to protect speaker and privacy.

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Insanity

Just came across this blog through woman uncensored fb fan page.

circumcision insanity blog link

Awesome article written by a man for men
Cultural circumcision: not really on, is it? 15/01/2011 12:00 pm We here at the JOE office got chatting recently about the practice of circumcision. While some felt it was largely a harmless practice, one had his reservations.

excerpt

In America recently, there has been a growing movement of men, in the thousands, who are taking the time to stretch out a new foreskin in a process called “restoration.” Men find different ways to tug at the remnants of the foreskin to stretch out a new piece of skin to cover their glans. After years, they’re able to get back a semblance of a foreskin, and men are able to tell the difference. Some men have testified that they thought their sex life was over, until growing back a new foreskin, though not the same as the original thing, has helped them; restoration dekeratinizes the glans, exposing the mucosa beneath it. Since men become more sensitive, they note that they are once again able to have sex, and THEN some; some men report orgasmic sensations never before felt. And still, in others, their female partners notice a difference in the way the man thrusts; it’s not so hard because he’s no longer working to get a sensation. Wives of said men, by the way, report a difference in their orgasmic sensations too. Some people might say this is anecdotal, but the proof is in the pudding. You can talk to men at TLCTugger dot com. It’s so sad that these men have to work hard to get back what should have been theirs to begin with; a whole penis is a man’s BIRTHRIGHT.